Приглашённый доклад Аси Петрашко
19 ноября на семинаре лаборатории с докладом "Cyclic Selection and verbal periphrasis" выступила Ася Петрашко, доцент Отделения лингвистики Рочерстерского университета.
Аннотация прошедшего доклада:
Traditional approaches to verbal periphrasis (compound tenses) treat auxiliary verbs as lexical items that enter syntactic derivation like any other lexical item, i.e. via Selection/Merge. An alternative view that has received much attention in recent years is that auxiliary verbs are not base-generated but rather inserted in a previously built structure (i.a. Bach 1967; Embick 2000; Arregi 2000; Cowper 2010; Bjorkman 2011; Arregi and Klecha 2015). Arguments for the insertion approach to auxiliaries include their last-resort distribution and the fact that, in many languages, auxiliaries are not systematically associated with a given inﬂectional category (e.g. perfect aspect). In this talk, I will argue against the insertion approach. First, I will demonstrate that the last-resort distribution follows from Cyclic Selection (Pietraszko 2017) – a Merge-counterpart of Cyclic Agree (Béjar and Rezac 2009). And second, I show that the insertion approach makes wrong predictions about compound tenses in Swahili, a language with last-resort periphrasis. Under the approach advocated here, an auxiliary verb is a verbal head selected and externally merged as a speciﬁer of a functional head, such as T/Infl. It then undergoes m-merger with that head, instantiating an external-merge version of Matushansky's (2006) conception of head movement.